Good oral practice can effectively prevent gum diseases. As gum diseases are usually caused by plaque, it is recommended to have a dental check up regularly.The most common gum diseases are gingivitis, and periodontitis, both are forms of periodontal disease.
Periodontal diseases are infections which can lead to tooth loss when not treated. These diseases are caused by a chronic bacterial infection which effects both the gums and bones. It is possible to have periodontal diseases without the traditional indicators such as red, swollen or bleeding gums, as well as sores in the mouth. Gingivitis is a mild form of periodontal disease. Its' symptoms are the reddening, bleeding and swelling of the gums. It is reversible.
Periodontitis can develop if gingivitis is left untreated. The plaque that spreads and grows below the gum line produces toxins which can irritate the gums. An infection occurs on the pockets of the teeth and gums. These pockets continue to deepen as this disease progresses.